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For Dr. T re: New Study on DMAE

 
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deedeeL



Joined: 29 Jul 2007
Posts: 12

PostPosted: Tue Feb 26, 2008 7:52 pm    Post subject: For Dr. T re: New Study on DMAE Reply with quote

What is your interpretation of this newer study on DMAE? Should I discontinue using a 4% DMAE serum that I use daily? Thank you.

Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, Volume 31, Number 6 / December, 2007, 711-718

Dimethylaminoethanol affects the viability of human cultured fibroblasts.
Gragnani A, Giannoccaro FB, Sobral CS, França JP, Ferreira LM.
Plastic Surgery Division of Federal University of São Paulo, Rua Pedro de Toledo, 781, 4 Andar Fundos, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

BACKGROUND: In clinical practice, dimethylaminoethanol (DMAE) has been used in the fight against wrinkles and flaccidity in the cervicofacial region. The firming action of DMAE is explained by the fact that its molecule, considered to be a precursor of acetylcholine, alters muscle contraction. However, no experimental studies have confirmed this theory. Because the actual mechanism of DMAE action was not defined and there were no references in the literature regarding its direct action on fibroblasts, this study was performed to evaluate the direct action of DMAE on cultured human fibroblasts. METHODS: Human fibroblasts obtained from discarded fragments of total skin from patients undergoing plastic or reconstructive surgical procedures performed within the Plastic Surgery Division at the Federal University of São Paulo were used for this study. The explant technique was used. The culture medium was supplemented with different concentrations of DMAE on the fourth cell passage, and the cell proliferation rate, cytosolic calcium levels, and cell cycle were evaluated. Statistical analysis was performed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by a Newman-Keuls test for multiple comparisons. RESULTS: A decrease in fibroblast proliferation was associated with an increase in DMAE concentration. A longer treatment time with trypsin was required for the groups treated with DMAE in a dose-dependent manner. In the presence of DMAE, cytosolic calcium increased in a dose-dependent manner. Apoptosis also increased in groups treated with DMAE. CONCLUSION: Dimethylaminoethanol reduced the proliferation of fibroblasts, increased cytosolic calcium, and changed the cell cycle, causing an increase in apoptosis in cultured human fibroblasts.

PMID: 17940822 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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drtodorov
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Joined: 10 Dec 2004
Posts: 3255

PostPosted: Tue Feb 26, 2008 10:53 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

It is hard to translate tissues culture data to typical cosmetic use. Many of widely used cosmetic ingredients, if added directly to tissue culture, would cause adverse effects. However, this is a legitimate concern and may warrant 'wait for more research' approach. See my views on DMAE safety here: smartskincare.com/ingredients/dmae_safety.html
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